This is “Parts of Speech”, section 1.1 (from appendix 1) from the book Writers' Handbook (v. 1.0).
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In English, words are used in one of eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, conjunction, preposition, and interjection. This table includes an explanation and examples of each of the eight parts of speech.
|Noun||Person, place, or thing||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||Iowa||book||arm|
|Pronoun||Takes the place of a noun||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||he||it||I|
|Adjective||Describes a noun or pronoun||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||sticky||funny||crazy|
|Verb||Shows action or state of being||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||run||jump||felt|
|Adverb||Describes a verb, another adverb, or an adjective and tells how, where, or when something is done||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||slowly||easily||very|
|Conjunction||Joins words, phrases, and clauses||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||and||because||but|
|Preposition||First word in a phrase that indicates the relationship of the phrase to other words in the sentence||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||in||on||to|
|Interjection||A word that shows emotion and is not related to the rest of the sentence||Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly.||Hey||Wow||Look|