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21.1 Parts of Speech

In English, words are used in one of eight parts of speech: noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, conjunction, preposition, and interjection. This table includes an explanation and examples of each of the eight parts of speech.

Noun Person, place, or thing Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. Iowa book arm
horse idea month
Pronoun Takes the place of a noun Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. he it I
her my theirs
Adjective Describes a noun or pronoun Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. sticky funny crazy
long cold round
Verb Shows action or state of being Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. run jump felt
think is gone
Adverb Describes a verb, another adverb, or an adjective and tells how, where, or when something is done Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. slowly easily very
often heavily sharply
Conjunction Joins words, phrases, and clauses Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. and because but
since or so
Preposition First word in a phrase that indicates the relationship of the phrase to other words in the sentence Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. in on to
after at over
Interjection A word that shows emotion and is not related to the rest of the sentence Wow! After the game, silly Mary ate her apples and carrots quickly. Hey Wow Look
Super Oh Yuck