This is “End-of-Chapter Exercises”, section 11.6 from the book Business Accounting (v. 2.0).
This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 license. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can share this book as long as you credit the author (but see below), don't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms.
This content was accessible as of December 29, 2012, and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book.
Normally, the author and publisher would be credited here. However, the publisher has asked for the customary Creative Commons attribution to the original publisher, authors, title, and book URI to be removed. Additionally, per the publisher's request, their name has been removed in some passages. More information is available on this project's attribution page.
For more information on the source of this book, or why it is available for free, please see the project's home page. You can browse or download additional books there. You may also download a PDF copy of this book (20 MB) or just this chapter (685 KB), suitable for printing or most e-readers, or a .zip file containing this book's HTML files (for use in a web browser offline).
A company spends $600,000 on research and $800,000 on development to earn a patent on a new invention. All of the legal costs to establish the patent amounted to $50,000. The company also had to spend an additional $90,000 to defend the patent (successfully) against a law suit. What is the capitalized cost of this patent?
On January 1, Year One, a company acquires the rights to an intangible asset for $300,000 with no residual value. The intangible has a legal life of ten years but is only expected to help generate revenues for six years. The straight-line method is always used. What is the net book value of this intangible asset at the end of Year Two?
Which of the following intangible assets would not be subject to amortization?
The Birmingham Corporation buys a patent from an inventor on January 1, Year One, for $350,000. The company expects the patent to help generate revenues for ten years. It has no residual value, and the straight-line method is always used. On December 31, Year Two, the patent has a fair value of $500,000. What is reported for this asset on the company’s balance sheet on that date?
Krypton Corporation offers Earth Company $800,000 for a patent held by Earth Company. The patent is currently recorded by Earth Company at $14,000, the legal cost required to register the patent. Krypton had appraisers examine the patent before making an offer to purchase it, and those experts determined that it was worth between $459,000 and $1,090,000. If the purchase falls through, at what amount should Earth Company now report the patent?
Mitchell Inc. developed a product, spending $4,000,000 in research and $1,100,000 in development to do so. Mitchell applied for and received a patent for the product on January 1, Year One, spending $34,000 in legal and filing fees. The patent is valid for twenty years and is expected to generate revenue for that period of time. The patent has no expected residual value after that date. The straight-line method is always applied. What would be the net book value of the patent at the end of Year One?
The Goodin Corporation purchases all of the outstanding stock of the Winslow Corporation for $62 million. In buying Winslow, Goodin acquired several items that might qualify to be reported as identifiable intangible assets. Which of the following criteria are applied to determine whether Goodin can report an intangible?
A decision maker picks up a set of financial statements for the Barnes Corporation. On the balance sheet, the largest asset is titled “Goodwill.” Which of the following statements is most likely to be true about this company?
On January 1, Year One, the Curry Corporation pays $7 million for all of the outstanding capital stock of a company that holds three assets and no liabilities. It has a building with a net book value of $2.3 million and a fair value of $2.8 million. It has equipment with a net book value of $1.1 and a fair value of $900,000. It holds several patents with no book value but a fair value of $1.3 million. Curry believes that this new subsidiary will be especially profitable for at least ten years. On a consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, Year One, what will Curry report as its goodwill balance?
Kremlin Company pays $2,900,000 for all of the outstanding common stock of Reticular Corporation. Reticular has assets on its balance sheet with a net book value of $1,500,000 and a fair value of $2,500,000. Reticular had no liabilities at this time. What is goodwill in this purchase?
Which of the following statements concerning research and development costs is not true?
The Barcelona Company is a technology company and spends an enormous amount on research and development. The company has been successful in the past on a very high percentage of these projects. In connection with financial reporting, which of the following statements is true?
Lincoln Company has an accounting policy for internal reporting purposes whereby the costs of any research and development projects that are over 70 percent likely to succeed are capitalized and then depreciated over a five-year period with a full year of depreciation in the year of capitalization. In the current year, $400,000 was spent on Project One, and it was 55 percent likely to succeed, $600,000 was spent on Project Two, and it was 65 percent likely to succeed, and $900,000 was spent on Project Three, and it was 75 percent likely to succeed. In converting the internal financial statements to external financial statements, by how much will net income for the current year have to be reduced?
The El Paso Corporation buys a significant intangible asset for $900,000, an amount that will be paid in six years. If a reasonable annual interest rate is 5 percent, what is the capitalized cost of the asset?
The Vaska Company buys a patent on January 1, Year One, and agrees to pay $100,000 per year for the next five years. The first payment is made immediately, and the payments are made on each January 1 thereafter. If a reasonable annual interest rate is 8 percent, what is the recorded value of the patent?
On January 1, Year One, the Anderson Corporation buys a copyright and agrees to make a single payment of $700,000 in exactly four years. A reasonable annual interest rate is viewed as 10 percent, and a present value of $478,107 was determined. What amount of interest expense should Anderson recognize for Year One?
On January 1, Year One, the Maroni Corporation buys an intangible asset and agrees to make a single payment of $800,000 in exactly six years. A reasonable annual interest rate is viewed as 10 percent, and a present value of $451,580 was determined. What amount of interest expense should Maroni recognize for Year Two?
The Heinline Company buys a patent on January 1, Year One, and agrees to pay exactly $100,000 per year for the next eight years (or $800,000 in total). The first payment is made immediately, and the payments are made on each January 1 thereafter. A reasonable annual interest rate is 10 percent, which gives an assumed present value of $586,840. What amount of interest expense should Heinline recognize for Year Two?
Professor Joe Hoyle discusses the answers to these two problems at the links that are indicated. After formulating your answers, watch each video to see how Professor Hoyle answers these questions.
Your roommate is an English major. The roommate’s parents own a chain of ice cream shops located throughout Florida. One day, while reading a play by Shakespeare, your roommate poses this question: “My parents recently bought a new shop in Tallahassee. They bought it from an elderly couple who wanted to retire. It is in a great location and already has a huge number of regular customers. However, I don’t understand why they paid so much. The building and land were worth $1 million, and the equipment and ice cream on hand couldn’t have been worth more than $25,000. So, I expected them to pay around $1,025,000. But they paid $1.5 million. Why in the world did they pay so much? How are they ever going to report that shop in the future since they clearly overpaid?” How would you respond?
Your uncle and two friends started a small office supply store several years ago. The company has expanded and now has several large locations. Your uncle knows that you are taking a financial accounting class and asks you the following question: “In the office supply business, the North Lakeside Company is the best known name in the world. They manufacture great products, and everyone has heard of their high quality. We started selling their merchandise recently. We wanted to let people know of this relationship. We want to put the North Lakeside logo on each of our stores so that our customers would associate us with that same level of quality. It is good for our business, and it will bring us more customers who will buy more goods. We contacted North Lakeside about using their logo. They told us they would give us that right for $400,000. Well, we don’t have that type of cash available at this time just for a logo. We tried to negotiate with them, and they said they still wanted exactly $400,000, but we could wait for four years before making the payment. By that time, the logo should have produced a lot of extra profits for us. We’ve certainly never done something like this before. When we sign the contract, how do we report this transaction?” How would you respond?
At the beginning of Year One, Jaguar Corporation purchased a license from Angel Corporation that gives Jaguar the legal right to use a process Angel developed. The purchase price of the license was $1,500,000, including legal fees. According to the agreement, Jaguar will be able to use the process for five years.
Yolanda Company created a product for which it was able to obtain a patent. Yolanda sold this patent to Christiana Inc. for $4 million at the beginning of Year One. Christiana paid an additional $200,000 in legal fees to properly record the patent. On that date, Christiana determined that the patent had a remaining legal life of ten years but a useful life of only seven years. The straight-line method is to be applied with no expected residual value.
As of January 1, Year One, Company Z has no liabilities and only two assets: a donut maker with a net book value of $300,000 (and a fair value of $360,000) and a cookie machine with a net book value of $400,000 (and a fair value of $440,000). Each of these assets has a remaining useful life of ten years and no expected residual value. Company A offers $1 million to acquire all of the ownership of Company Z. The owners of Company Z hold out and manage to get $1.2 million in cash.
On January 1, Year One, a pharmaceutical company starts work on creating three new medicines that could lead to valuable products. The company will spend millions on each project and would not undertake this endeavor if it did not believe that it has a reasonable chance of recovering its investment. Historically for this company, one out of every three new projects actually became a successful product on the market. If that happens, the company expects to generate over $10 million in revenue at a minimum. By the end of Year One, the company spent exactly $1 million in research and development for each of three projects. Based on a careful evaluation, company officials believe the first project has a 30 percent chance of success, the second project has a 60 percent chance of success, and the third project has a 90 percent chance of success.
The Wisconsin Corporation spends $100,000 in research and $200,000 in development during Year One. The company spends the same amounts in Year Two. For its internal reporting, the company has a policy whereby all research costs are expensed as incurred but all development costs are capitalized. These capitalized costs are then amortized to expense over five full years beginning with the year after the cost is incurred.
The Baltimore Corporation reported net income in Year One of $90,000 and in Year Two of $140,000. The company spent $16,000 for research and development in Year One and another $24,000 for research and development in Year Two. The company follows the policy of capitalizing its research and development costs and then amortizing them over four years (using the half-year convention for the initial year). The straight-line method is used for amortization with no expected residual value.
The American Corporation and the French Corporation are identical in every way. Both companies spend $200,000 for research costs in Year One as well as $100,000 in development costs during that same year. The American Corporation follows U.S. GAAP. The French Corporation follows IFRS and believes these development costs meet the criteria for capitalization. The capitalized costs are amortized over four years using the straight-line method and the half-year convention.
Star Corporation purchases Trek Inc. Through this acquisition, Star Corporation is gaining the following assets and liabilities:
|Value on Trek’s Books||Current Market Value|
Calculate the present value of each of the following single payment amounts based on the indicated reasonable rate of annual interest and the number of time periods until the payment is made.
|Future Cash Flow||Annual Interest Rate||Number of Periods||Present Value|
On January 1, Year One, Fred Corporation purchases a patent from Barney Company for $10 million, payable at the end of three years. The patent itself has an expected life of ten years and no anticipated residual value. No interest rate is stated in the contract, but Fred could borrow that amount of money from a bank at 6 percent interest. Amortization is recorded using the straight-line method.
Calculate the present value of each of the following annuity amounts based on the reasonable interest rate that is specified and the number of time periods. Assume that the first payment is made immediately so that the cash payments create an annuity due.
|Payment per Period||Annual Interest Rate||Number of Periods||Present Value|
Highlight Company purchases the right to use a piece of music from the original musician who created it. Officials hope to make this music the company’s “signature song.” Therefore, the contract (which is signed on January 1, Year One) is for four years. The agreed upon price is $800,000, with no stated interest rate to be paid. Highlight could borrow this amount of money at a 5 percent annual interest rate at the current time. The arrangement states that Highlight will make this $800,000 payment on December 31, Year Four.
Moonbeam Company purchases the right to use a piece of music from the original musician who created it. Officials hope to make this music the company’s “signature song.” Therefore, the contract (which is signed on January 1, Year One) is for four years. The agreed upon price is $800,000, with no stated interest rate. Moonbeam could borrow this amount of money at an 8 percent annual interest at the current time. The arrangement states that Moonbeam will actually make an annual payment of $200,000 for four years on each January 1 starting on January 1, Year One.
This problem will carry through several chapters, building in difficulty. It allows students to continually practice skills and knowledge learned in previous chapters.
In Chapter 10 "In a Set of Financial Statements, What Information Is Conveyed about Property and Equipment?", you prepared Webworks statements for October. They are included here as a starting point for November.
Figure 11.12 Webworks Financial Statements
The following events occur during November:
Webworks pays taxes of $1,304 in cash.
Record cost of goods sold.
Assume that you take a job as a summer employee for an investment advisory service. One of the partners for that firm is currently looking at the possibility of investing in Amazon.com. The partner believes that the company’s assets increased by a rather large amount during 2010. The partner is curious as to how much of that increase is from intangible assets that were acquired through the purchase of other companies. The partner asks you to look at the 2010 financial statements for Amazon by following this path: