This is “OCC Dimension 4: Involved Midmanagement”, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Organizational Change (v. 1.0).
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There is an enormous number of managers who have retired on the job.
The Trojans lost the war because they fell for a really dumb trick. Hey, there’s a gigantic wooden horse outside and all the Greeks have left. Let’s bring it inside! Not a formula for long-term survival. Now if they had formed a task force to study the Trojan Horse and report back to a committee, everyone wouldn’t have been massacred. Who says middle management is useless?