This is “Types of Governments: A Republic or a Democracy?”, chapter 4 from the book A Primer on Politics (v. 0.0).
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In the United States, people often say “This is a democracy!” (which, apparently, justifies whatever they happen to believe at the moment. The logic seems to be that although in a democracy, everybody gets to vote, it’s my vote that counts). And we talk, in broad terms, about states that have open elections as “democracies.”
Of course, that’s not exactly true.